SCDCStuckeman Center for Design Computing
Advanced research + computational design
The SCDC is devoted to advanced design research and learning in computational design. We are a multidisciplinary community of researchers exploring computation as a subject of creative and scholarly inquiry in design across scales and modes of engagement: from the territorial to the micro, from the theoretical to the material, and from the applied to the speculative and critical.
Through high-impact research and publications spanning the design fields, the SCDC will contribute to society’s understanding and application of computing and information technologies in the production of built environments across scales – from cities to territories, buildings, products, and interfaces.
The Stuckeman Center’s mission is to become a design research and learning center of international relevance. This entails fostering an open and multidisciplinary culture of research that engages faculty, doctoral researchers as well as master and undergraduate students. Beyond the Stuckeman School’s three excellent design programs in architecture, landscape architecture, and graphic design, the center will take advantage of Penn State’s status as one of the largest and most important public research universities in the United States to initiate design-centered collaborations with partners in the scientific fields and the humanities. Furthermore, the center will form and maintain alliances with peer centers in academia and industry both nationally and internationally.
The Stuckeman Center Laboratory
The Center is headquartered in the Stuckeman Center Laboratory – a large and beautiful space on the first floor of the Stuckeman Family Building on the University Park campus. The laboratory hosts various projects led by faculty and post-doctoral Fellows, involving graduate, undergraduate, and visiting students as research assistants.
The Stuckeman Center encompasses a number of state-of-the-art facilities including an Immersive Environments Laboratory (currently under re-construction), the Stuckeman Center Laboratory, and a Digital Fabrication Laboratory including an architectural robotics lab. The Stuckeman School is part of the College of Arts & Architecture, a vibrant arts and design community also comprising the School of Music, the School of Theatre, the School of Visual Arts, and the Department of Art History, along with the Palmer Museum of Art and the Center for the Performing Arts.
The Stuckeman Center is currently a implementing initiatives to improve the dissemination of its work – to the Stuckeman community and to society at large – and better communicating the value of the research and advanced instruction taking place in the Center. We plan to tackle this challenge through two initiatives. First, we are organizing a yearly open house event in the Stuckeman Center Laboratory. This is a one-day event showcasing the finished and ongoing projects of the Center through demos, an exhibition, and talks. All school students and faculty are invited. Second, the design and development of a high quality, media-rich, and responsive website for the Stuckeman Center highlighting its projects and teams, as a “Lab of Labs.”
Below is a selection of SCDC projects, which variously engage architectural robotics, simulation and visualization, game development, Geographic Information Systems, sustainable development, digital fabrication, as well as historical and theoretical aspects of computation in design.
The Barrier for Outside Outpatient Testing of Heath (BOOTH) is a structure designed at Penn State by a multidisciplinary team involving faculty, staff, and students from the College of Arts and Architecture and the College of Engineering, all working within the context of the University-wide MASC project.
The project focuses efforts in three areas: development of a novel concrete formulation, development of the 3D printing processes, and design and development of the overall 3D printing system necessary to print large structures. The production of the geopolymer binder used in the formulation of the concrete designed by the team does not emit carbon dioxide into the atmosphere.
From Costuming and Dancing...
The Corporeal and Computational in Design and Fabrication of Lightweight Mobile Structures – This work describes a new approach to designing and fabricating costuming and dancing sculptures and the potential application of this system at the architectural scale.
Decoding + Recoding
Using Technology to Support Social Integration – The World experiences a significant growth in population coupled with fast urbanization processes particularly in the Southern hemisphere, which puts an enormous pressure on cities, giving rise to numerous social, infrastructural, ecological, and urban problems.
Design of a Solar Fiber Tension Structure Shade Prototype Using Fiber Optic Strands – The Woven Light project is a solar fiber tension structure shade prototype that substitutes polymer fiber optic strands for solar photovoltaic [PV] strands to understand the problems and potential for PV fibers in fabrics.
Knitted Legging to Quantify a Walk – The project is to fabricate a pair of wearable leggings embedded with sensors, which can help identify a person’s a gait or walk. This is useful because if the legging walk identification is accurate enough they can be used for diagnoses of disease such as Parkinson’s or help athletes or dancers train their bodies based on the position of their limbs.
Following is a brief overview of publications that have been produced to document research, events, and courses within the Stuckeman Center for Design Computing.
Mass Customization and Design Democratization
Parametric design and digital fabrication are enabling non-designers to mass produce non-standard, highly differentiated products – from shoes and tableware to furniture and even houses. The result of these newly available mass customization tools has been a ‘democratization’ of design.
Design + Computing
Design + Computing operates as both a title and agenda for the second Stuckeman Center for Design Computing Flash Symposium and Open House.
Publication date: 2016
Design Across Boundaries
‘Design Across Boundaries’ combined an exhibition of computational design research and coursework directed by faculty in the Stuckeman School and the School of Visual Arts, with a symposium with emerging scholars and practitioners of computational design.
Publication date: 2015
Exploring Algorithmic Tectonics
Algorithmic Tectonics is a course on creative computing in architecture and design. By learning to create computational design artifacts (such as experimental software, responsive objects and robotic fabrication applications) participants explore computation as a territory for speculative, critical and poetic thinking about design (rather than merely as an instrument of production or representation).
SCDC Researcher Publications
- Almeida, A. D., Taborda, B., Santos, F., Kwiecinski, K., & Eloy, S. (2016). A genetic algorithm application for automatic layout design of modular residential homes. Systems, Man, and Cybernetics (SMC), 2016 IEEE International Conference On, 2774–2778.
- Ashrafi, N., & Duarte, J. P. (2017). A shape-grammar for double skin facades – A basis for generating context sensitive facades solution. In A. Fioravanti, S. Cursi, S. Elahmar, S. Gargaro, G. Loffreda, G. Novembri, & A. Trento (Eds.), ShoCK! – Sharing of Computable Knowledge! – Proceedings of the 35th International Conference on Education and Research in Computer Aided Architectural Design in Europe (pp. 471–476). Sapienza University of Rome, Italy: Faculty of Civil and Industrial Engineering.
- Balakrishnan, B., Kalisperis, L., & Oprean, D. (2015). Visualizing Human-Environment Interactions: Integrating Concepts and Techniques from HCI, Human Factors and Media Psychology. In N. A. Streitz & P. Markopoulos (Eds.), Distributed, ambient, and pervasive interactions (Vol. 9189, pp. 3–12). Cham: Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-20804-6
- Castro e Costa, E., Duarte, J. P., & Bártolo, P. (2017). A review of additive manufacturing for ceramic production. Rapid Prototyping Journal, 23(5), 954–963. https://doi.org/10.1108/RPJ-09-2015-0128
- Castronovo, F., Oprean, D., Liu, Y., & Messner, J. (2017). Application of Immersive Virtual Reality Systems in an Interdisciplinary Design Studio Course. In F. Bosché, I. Brilakis, & R. Sacks (Eds.), 2017 Lean and Computing in Construction Congress (LC3 ) (pp. 337–345). Edinburgh (UK): Heriot-Watt University. https://doi.org/10.24928/JC3-2017/0006
- Correia, R., Leitão, A., & Duarte, J. P. (2016). A generic shape grammar interpreter for discursive grammars. In Proceedings of the Generative Art Conference (pp. 350–363). Florence, Italy.
- Craveiro, F., Bártolo, H., Duarte, J. P., & Bartolo, P. J. (2016). A strategy to locally optimize the material composition of AM construction elements. In Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Progress in Additive Manufacturing. Retrieved from https://dr.ntu.edu.sg/handle/10220/41638
- Craveiro, F., Bártolo, H., Duarte, J. P., & Bártolo, P. J. (2016). Designing Cork-based functionally graded concrete walls. In Challenges for Technology Innovation: An Agenda for the Future. Lisbon, Portugal: CRC Press.
- Craveiro, F., Bartolo, H. M., Gale, A., Duarte, J. P., & Bartolo, P. J. (2017). A design tool for resource-efficient fabrication of 3d-graded structural building components using additive manufacturing. Automation in Construction, 82, 75–83. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.autcon.2017.05.006
- Craveiro, F., Almeida, H., Bártolo, H., Bártolo, P. J., & Duarte, J. P. (2017). Topology and material optimization of architectural components [Text]. https://doi.org/info:doi/10.9774/GLEAF.9781315198101_15
- Craveiro, F., Bártolo, H., Bártolo, P., & Duarte, J. P. (2018). Customizing insulation material properties for building retrofitting: from infrared thermography to additive manufacturing. Presented at the 3rd International Conference on PRO-AM Progress in Additive Manufacturing. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/325369878_Customizing_insulation_material_properties_for_building_retrofitting_from_infrared_thermography_to_additive_manufacturing
- Davis, F. (2015a). A Study Relating Computational Textile Textural Expression to Emotion. In Proceedings of the 33rd Annual ACM Conference Extended Abstracts on Human Factors in Computing Systems (pp. 1977–1982). New York, NY, USA: ACM. https://doi.org/10.1145/2702613.2732739
- Davis, F. (2015b). The Textility of Emotion: A Study Relating Computational Textile Textural Expression to Emotion. In Proceedings of the 2015 ACM SIGCHI Conference on Creativity and Cognition (pp. 23–32). New York, NY, USA: ACM. https://doi.org/10.1145/2757226.2757231
- Davis, F. (2017). FELT: Communicating Emotion through a Shape Changing Textile Wall Panel. In B. Kumar (Ed.), Textiles for Advanced Applications. Croatia: InTech Publishers. Retrieved from https://www.intechopen.com/books/textiles-for-advanced-applications/felt-communicating-emotion-through-a-shape-changing-textile-wall-panel
- Davis, F. (2018). Touch: Communication of Emotion through Computational Textile Expression. In Distributed Ambient and Pervasive Interactions, Technologies and Context, Human Computer Interaction International Conference forthcoming in the Proceedings, Springer Notes on Computer Science. Retrieved from http://www.springer.com/us/book/9783319911304
- Davis, F. (2018). FELT: Emotion, Space and Communication. In Anastasia Karandinou (Ed.), Data, Architecture and the Experience of Place. Routledge-Taylor&Francis Press.
- Davis, F., & Dumitrescu, D. (2015). What and When Is the Textile? Extending the Reach of Computation through Textile Expression. In B. Martens, G. Wurzer, T. Grasl, W. E. Lorenz, & R. Schaffranek (Eds.), Real Time – Proceedings of the 33rd eCAADe Conference (Vol. 2, pp. 417–426). Vienna University of Technology, Vienna, Austria: CUMINCAD. Retrieved from http://papers.cumincad.org/cgi-bin/works/Show?ecaade2015_217
- Davis, F., & Dumitrescu, D. (2017). Knitted Heat Active Textiles: Pixelated Reveal and the Radiant Daisy. In S. Tibbits (Ed.), Active Matter. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
- Ferreira, M. P., Kretzer, A., Duarte, J. P., Stricker, D., Schenkenberger, B., Weber, M., & Toyama, T. (2016). De Humani Corporis Fabrica: Fabricating Emotions through Architecture. In Proceedings of the 34th Conference on Education in Computer Aided Architectural Design in Europe (pp. 501–507). Oulu, Finland.
- Guerritore, C., & Duarte, J. P. (2016). Manifold Façades: A grammar based approach for the conversion of office buildings into housing. In Proceedings of the 34th Conference on Education in Computer Aided Architectural Design in Europe (pp. 365–370). Oulu, Finland.
- Homenda, W., & Kwieciński, K. (2016). Attribute Grammars for Controlling House Layout Customization. In K. Saeed & W. Homenda (Eds.), Computer Information Systems and Industrial Management: 15th IFIP TC8 International Conference, CISIM 2016, Vilnius, Lithuania, September 14-16, 2016, Proceedings (pp. 707–719). Cham: Springer International Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-45378-1_61
- Klerk, R. de, Duarte, A. M., Medeiros, D. P., Duarte, J. P., Jorge, J., & Lopes, D. S. (2017). Usability Studies on Building Early Stage Architectural Models in Virtual Reality. Automation in Construction.
- Kwiecinski, K., Santos, F., De Almeida, A., Taborda, B., & Eloy, S. (2016). Wood Mass-Customized Housing – A dual computer implementation design strategy. In A. Herneoja, T. Osterlund, & P. Markkanen (Eds.), Complexity & Simplicity – Proceedings of the 34th eCAADe Conference (Vol. 2, pp. 349–358). Retrieved from http://papers.cumincad.org/cgi-bin/works/Show?ecaade2016_136
- Kwiecinski, K., & Slyk, J. (2014). System for customer participation in the design process of mass-customized houses. In E. Thompson (Ed.), Fusion: Data Integration at its Best, Vol 2 (pp. 207–215). eCAADe. Retrieved from http://papers.cumincad.org/cgi-bin/works/Show&_id=caadria2010_039/Show?ecaade2014_156
- Mateus, D., & Duarte, J. P. (2016). A grammar-based system for building envelope design to maximize PV performance. In Proceedings of the 11th Conference on Advanced Building Skins. Bern, Switzerland.
- Mohammed, A., Viola, T., Tucker, C. S., & Duarte, J. P. (2016). Achieving Co-Robot Navigation in Manufacturing Environments through Machine Learning of Human Gait Data. In Challenges for Technology Innovation: An Agenda for the Future. Lisbon, Portugal: CRC Press.
- Motalebi, N., & Davis, F. (2016). Augmenting Communication: Clothes as Social Mediators. Presented at the DIS2016. https://doi.org/10.13140/RG.2.1.5067.9280
- Motalebi, N., & Duarte, J. P. (2017). A Shape Grammar of Emotional Postures: An approach towards encoding the analogue qualities of bodily expressions of emotions. In A. Fioravanti, S. Cursi, S. Elahmar, S. Gargaro, G. Loffreda, G. Novembri, & A. Trento (Eds.), ShoCK! – Sharing of Computable Knowledge! – Proceedings of the 35th International Conference on Education and Research in Computer Aided Architectural Design in Europe (pp. 485–492). Sapienza University of Rome, Italy: Faculty of Civil and Industrial Engineering.
- Noel, V. A. A. (2015). The Bailey-Derek Grammar: Recording the Craft of Wire-Bending in the Trinidad Carnival. Leonardo, 48(4), 357–365. https://doi.org/10.1162/LEON_a_01089
- Noel, V. A. A. (2016). Crafting as Inquiry into Computation – Exploring wire-bending in traditional practice and design education. In A. Herneoja, T. Österlund, & P. Markkanen (Eds.), Complexity & Simplicity – Proceedings of the 34th eCAADe Conference (Vol. 1, pp. 311–320). University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland: CUMINCAD. Retrieved from http://papers.cumincad.org/cgi-bin/works/Show?ecaade2016_075
- Noel, V. A. A. (2017a). Digitally Displaying and Interacting with Historic Artifacts of Spatial, Temporal, Corporeal, and Kinetic dimensions. Studies in Digital Heritage, 1(2), 251–268. https://doi.org/10.14434/sdh.v1i2.23277
- Noel, V. A. A. (2017b). From Costuming and Dancing Sculptures to Architecture: The Corporeal and Computational in Design and Fabrication of Lightweight Mobile Structures. In G. Çagdas, M. Özkar, L. F. Gül, & E. Gürer (Eds.), Future Trajectories of Computation in Design (pp. 22–41). Istanbul, Turkey: CUMINCAD. Retrieved from http://papers.cumincad.org/cgi-bin/works/Show?cf2017_022
- Oprean, D., Simpson, M., & Klippel, A. (2017). Collaborating remotely: An evaluation of immersive capabilities on spatial experiences and team membership. International Journal of Digital Earth, 1, 1–17. https://doi.org/10.1080/17538947.2017.1381191
- Oprean, D., Wallgrün, J. O., Duarte, J. M. P., Verniz, D., Zhao, J., & Klippel, A. (2017). Developing and Evaluating VR Field Trips. In Proceedings of Workshops and Posters at the 13th International Conference on Spatial Information Theory (COSIT 2017) (pp. 105–110). Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-63946-8_22
- Rahimian, M., Cardoso-Llach, D., & Iulo, L. D. (2015). Participatory Energy Management in Building Networks. In Sustainable Human – Building Ecosystems. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania: American Society of Civil Engineers. https://doi.org/10.1061/9780784479681.003
- Rahimian, M., Iulo, L. D., & Cardoso-Llach, D. (2015). The Case for a Collaborative Energy Sharing Network for Small Scale Community Microgrids. The University of Sheffield. Retrieved from https://www.academia.edu/18161305/The_Case_for_a_Collaborative_Energy_Sharing_Network_for_Small_Scale_Community_Microgrids
- Rahimian, M., Iulo, L. D., & Duarte, J. P. (2017). A Review of Predictive Software for the Design of Community Microgrids. Journal of Engineering, Special Issue on Energy Management of Distributed Energy and Microgrid.
- Shekhawat, K., & Duarte, J. P. (2017a). Automated Best Connected Rectangular Floorplans. In Design Computing and Cognition ’16 (pp. 495–511). Chicago, USA: Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-44989-0_27
- Shekhawat, K., & Duarte, J. P. (2017b). Introduction to Generic Rectangular Floor Plans. Artificial Intelligence for Engineering Design, Analysis and Manufacturing.
- Shekhawat, K., & Duarte, J. P. (2017c). Rectilinear Floor Plans. In Proceedings of the CAAD Futures 2017 Conference on Futures Trajectories of Computation in Design. Istanbul, Turkey.
- Sundar, S. S., Kang, J., & Oprean, D. (2017). Being There in the Midst of the Story: How Immersive Journalism Affects Our Perceptions and Cognitions. Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking, 20(11), 672–682. https://doi.org/10.1089/cyber.2017.0271
- Vazquez, E. (2017). A Grammar of Perforated Masonry Walls. A formal analysis of brick walls used for shading and ventilation in Paraguay. In Blucher Design Proceedings (Vol. 3, pp. 544–551). Retrieved from https://www.proceedings.blucher.com.br/article-details/a-grammar-of-perforated-masonry-walls-a-formal-analysis-of-brick-walls-used-for-shading-and-ventilation-in-paraguay-27679
- Verniz, D., & Duarte, J. P. (2017). Santa Marta Urban Grammar: Towards an understanding of the genesis of form. In A. Fioravanti, S. Cursi, S. Elahmar, S. Gargaro, G. Loffreda, G. Novembri, & A. Trento (Eds.), ShoCK! – Sharing of Computable Knowledge! – Proceedings of the 35th International Conference on Education and Research in Computer Aided Architectural Design in Europe (pp. 477–484). Sapienza University of Rome, Italy: Faculty of Civil and Industrial Engineering.
- Verniz, D., Mateus, L., Duarte, J. P., & Ferreira, V. (2016). 3D Reconstruction Survey of Complex Informal Settlements – Towards an understanding of the genesis of form. In Complexity & Simplicity – Proceedings of the 34th eCAADe Conference (Vol. 2, pp. 365–370). University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland. Retrieved from http://papers.cumincad.org/cgi-bin/works/Show?ecaade2016_110
- Zhao, J., LaFemina, P., Wallgrün, J. O., Oprean, D., & Klippel, A. (Eds.). (2017). iVR for the geosciences: 2017 IEEE Virtual Reality Workshop on K-12 Embodied Learning through Virtual & Augmented Reality (KELVAR). https://doi.org/10.1109/KELVAR.2017.7961557
Computational Textiles Lab
Immersive Environments Lab
Advanced Geometric Modeling Lab
News from A&A
Recent architecture alumna awarded funding to pursue architectural lighting
UNIVERSITY PARK, Pa. — Penn State Stuckeman School architecture alumna Stella Murray was recently named a recipient of the Jonathan Speirs Scholarship which supports architecture students who wish to enter